Bee Species Variety
Off 2009 to help you 2018, 192 bee species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been caught when you look at the Calanques National Park through one another websites and dish trap stuff. They belonged so you’re able to half a dozen parents and you will 38 genera. Megachilidae was by far the most kinds-steeped members of the family, followed by Apidae and you can Halictidae, which have 53, 44, and you will 43 kinds, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 are the fresh richest genus, that have 33 types, while seven genera was basically depicted of the only 1 types (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus established men Panzer, 1806; Supp Table step 1 [on the internet just] ). With the jackknife step 1 and you may 2 indexes, the total bee varieties richness are estimated are between ± nine.89 and you will ± . New noticed fullness therefore depicted 71.step 3 so you can 79.6% of your own projected bee richness ( Dining table dos). The fresh Chao1 approach estimated the newest noticed richness become 76.8% of your potential limitation fullness ( Dining table dos). Probably the most numerous variety try Apis mellifera L. (276 some one), followed by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 some one, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 someone). Eventually, 50 variety (26%) had been portrayed by the only 1 private (singletons).
Environment Traits out-of Bees
About your environmental qualities off nesting tastes, we understood 59 solitary bee varieties nesting a lot more than soil, ninety-five single bee variety nesting underground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic varieties, comparable to 31.eight, 47.nine, and you may a dozen.0% of one’s overall bee types richness, respectively. We identified five societal variety (bumble bees and you will honey bees-2.1%). In the end, the newest nesting needs from fourteen species will always be unknown (7.3%- Supp Dining table step 1 [on line just] ). About your flowery diet plan away from bee kinds, i discovered that 105 types (54.7%) foraged on the an array of bush species (we.age., generalist variety, polylectic) and you may 51 species (twenty six.5%) foraged using one plant family relations otherwise you to/few bush varieties (we.elizabeth., professional types, oligolectic). To your left thirty-six bee variety (18.8%), new floral diet wasn’t identified (age.grams., to possess cleptoparasitic types). not, extremely generalist species showed a preference for one otherwise a number of plant household ( Supp Table step 1 [on the internet simply] ). Towards the forty-two singletons, 14 bee species (28%) was in fact gurus, and 9 bee variety (18%) have been cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step 1 [on the internet simply] ).
An IUCN reputation is readily available for 178 types (excluding the brand new variety complexes and you may as yet not known types). One of those, 47 variety have been categorized because studies deficient (DD-26.4%), 124 species had been least alarmed (LC-69.6%), half a dozen variety was basically near endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you can L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and one types is actually thought threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step one [on the internet simply] ). Around three oligolectic species was basically among the many seven threatened bee types. A beneficial. ovatula and you may C. albomaculatus is experts to the Fabaceae, D. argentata was a professional towards Caprifoliaceae.
Out-of 2009 to 2018, 38 species of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) have been trapped during the Calanques Federal Park. They belonged to help you twenty-four genera ( Supp Dining table 2 [on the web merely] ). The essential numerous genera were Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 people), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 some body), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville for the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen people), while 20 varieties (53%) was basically represented by the only one individual ( Supp Dining table 2 [on line only] ). Brand new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was in fact depicted because of the 20 variety, also five singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk step three [on the web simply] ). The newest estimate out of complete types richness of hover flies and you may bee flies was ranging from 83 and you may 97 varieties making use of the jackknife step 1 and you may dos indexes, correspondingly. Consequently, the newest seen fullness represented 59.8–69.9% of projected hover fly and bee fly richness ( Table dos).